欢迎进入中之硕自考网!本站为考生提供自考信息咨询服务,网站信息仅供浏览参考使用非政府官方网站,官方信息以江西省考试院www.jxeea.cn为准!

江西中之硕自考网报名电话
当前位置 > 江西自考网 > 江西自考历年真题及考试资料

2012年11月北京自考学位英语真题(二)

[来源:www.zikaow.cn ][日期:2020/5/22 9:36:56][访问:22]

2012年11月北京自考位英语真题(二)

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

When we’re learning a foreign language, making sense of what we hear is the first step toward fluency. It sounds obvious, but until recently, we didn’t know much about how listening works. New research demonstrates that effective listening involves more than simply hearing the words that float past our ears. Rather, it’s an active process of receiving information and making meaning. This kind of engaged listening is a skill that’s as critical for learning a range of subjects at school and work as it is for learning to understand a foreign tongue.

(78) Studies of skilled language learners have identified specific listening strategies that lead to superior comprehension. Last year, for example, University of Ottawa researcher Larry Vandergrift published his study of 106 undergraduates who were learning French as a second language. Half of the students were taught in a conventional fashion, listening to and practicing texts spoken aloud. The other half, possessing the same initial (最初的) skill level and taught by the same teacher, were given detailed instruction on how to listen. It mined out that the second group “significantly outperformed”(胜过) the first one on a test of comprehension.

So what are these listening strategies? Skilled learners go into a listening class with a sense of what they want to get out of it. (79) They set a goal for their listening and they generate predictions about what the speaker will say. Before the talking begins, they mentally review what they already know about the subject, and form an intention to “listen out for” what’s important or relevant. Once they begin listening, these learners maintain their focus; if their attention wanders, they bring it back to the words being spoken. They don’t allow themselves to be thrown off by confusing or unfamiliar details. Instead, they take note of what they don’t understand and make inferences about what those things might mean, based on other clues available to them: their previous knowledge of the subject, the context (语境) of the talk,, the identity of the speaker, and so on.

6. What is the main idea of this passage?

A. Effective listening means hearing the words that float past our ears.

B. Developing your listening skills is the first step toward developing fluency.

C. Skilled listeners use specific strategies to get the most out of what they hear.

D. Listening is one of the most powerful tools we have to gain information.

7. What does Vandergrift’s research show?

A. Learners who adopt specific listening strategies become better listeners.

B. Learners taught in the traditional way are better at reinforcing what they learn.

C. Learners are more confident if they make fewer mistakes.

D. Learners who listen on a regular basis improve faster.

8. Which of the following statements about Vandergrift’s research is TRUE?

A. The participants were postgraduates learning French as a second language.

B. All the participants were taught using the conventional method, with the focus on listening strategies.

C. The two groups were taught by different teachers.

D. The participants were at the same initial skill level.

9. The expression“thrown off” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to“ ”.

A. infected B. confused C. ruined D. informed

10. According to the passage, which of the following strategies is NOT used by skilled learners?

A. Review their prior knowledge of the subject.

B. Concentrate on the speaker’s words.

C. Translate into their native language.

D. Predict what the speaker will say.

参考答案:CADAC

如果大家还有相关疑问,可登陆江西自考网查询或者留言,也可添加老师微信,实时在线咨询。现在报名,还有惊喜哦。


报名热线:(0791-86237213(办))       咨询QQ:2434623966
江西自考报名方式 
现场报名地址:江西省南昌市西湖区丁公路125号

江西自考报名入口<< <<

江西自考网上报名系统

上一篇:2012年11月北京自考学位英语真题(一)


下一篇:没有了0

阅读排行
推荐阅读
最新资讯
江西自考网上报名江西自考联系

自考介绍   |    常见问题   |    网上咨询   |    自考专业    |    自考院校   |    自考课程   |    网站地图

南昌大学自考网江西师范大学自考网江西财经大学自考网江西农业大学自考网江西中医药大学自考网南昌航空大学自考网华东交通大学自考网江西广播电视大学自考网

江西科技师范大学自考网江西科技学院自考网南昌工程学院自考网江西警察学院自考网南昌师范学院自考网九江学院自考网上饶师范大学自考网

景德镇陶瓷大学自考网赣南师范大学自考网江西理工大学自考网赣南医学院自考网东华理工大学自考网

九江学院自考网江西工程学院自考网萍乡学院自考网井冈山大学自考网宜春学院自考网

Copyright © 2013-2020 江西中硕自考网All Rights Reserved.  南昌中之硕文化发展有限公司版权所有

中之硕自考网 赣ICP备19001519号-2 地址:江西省南昌市西湖区丁公路125号

×

备注:先完成网上报名,账号为手机号密码为身份证后六位,或者电话咨询客服获取帐号密码。