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2014年11月北京自考学位英语真题(一)

[来源:www.zikaow.cn ][日期:2020/5/20 10:14:13][访问:33]

2014年11月北京自考学位英语真题(一)

Part I Reading Comprehension (30%) Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

Jarden Zinc(锌)Products, a large zinc plant a few miles outside Greeneville, Tennessee, has a special claim. Since 1982, it has been the only supplier of penny blanks for the U.S. Mint (铸币厂). It's a good business for Jarden-since 2000, the company has earned more than $ 800 million. But it may not be a good deal for the U.S.

(76) The value of the penny has been dropping for years. In 2006, it began to cost more than a penny to make a penny. It now costs 2 C to produce a 1 C coin. Many countries have stopped using pennies. Is it time for the U.S. to do the same?

Jarden and the zinc industry are fighting to keep the penny. Since 2006, Jarden has given $1.2 million to Americans for Common Cents (ACC). The group's mission is to keep the penny in use. Mark Weller is ACC's executive director. He argues that there are three main reasons for keeping the penny: Without it, we would become more reliant on the five-cent coin, which also has problems; charities(慈善机构)that depend on penny drives would not be able to raise as much money; and a 2012 survey shows that 67% of Americans want to keep the penny. (77) Many people surveyed said they feared they would end up paying more for products.

Many experts disagree with ACC. They point to the dozens of countries that have gotten rid of their lowest-value coins without raising prices for consumers. And charities don't seem too concerned either.

President Barack Obama says the mint could explore using cheaper metals to make pennies. Steel is less expensive than zinc. Pennies are 97.5% zinc and 2.5% copper. But no matter what it is made of, the penny's days may be numbered. Most in-store purchases are now made with credit cards, not cash. Is it time for a change?

1. what is the main idea of the passage?

A.Many countries are trying to reduce the cost of making coins.

B.These days a penny made is a penny wasted.

C.There is disagreement over whether the U.S. should stop using pennies.

D.Many countries have stopped using pennies.

1.The mission of ACC is to ______.

A. conduct online surveys

B.lower the production costs of the penny

C. raise money for charities募集资金用于慈善

D.keep the penny in use保持使用一分硬币

3. The penny coin is mainly made of _____.

一美分的硬币主要是由。。。做的。

A. copper铜 B. steel钢铁 C. iron 铁 D. zinc锌

4. What does the sentence "the penny's days may be numbered时日无多的" in the last paragraph probably mean?最后一段的句子“the penny's days may be numbered”可能是什么意思?

A.The penny may be out of use very soon. 很快一分钱可能会停止使用

B.The value of the penny may rise.一分钱硬币的价值可能会上涨。

C.The penny has a special place in American history.在美国历史上一分硬币有一个特别的地方。

D.The penny is part of American culture.一分硬币是美国文化的一部分。

5. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?

根据本文的说法,下面哪个说法不是真的?

A.Jarden is the sole supplier of the zinc the U.S. Mint uses to make the penny.

Jarden是美国铸币厂用于做一分硬币唯一的锌提供商

B. The majority of American people are in favor of keeping the penny.

大多数美国人赞同保持一分硬币

C. Many Americans fear that getting rid of the penny would cause prices to rise.

许多美国人担心排除一分硬币可能导致价格上涨。

D. The U.S. Mint now spends 2.4 cents to make a penny.

美国铸币厂现在制造一分的硬币要花2.4美分。

参考答案:1-5CDDAD

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