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2019年10月自考英语(一)真题及参考答案(部分版)

[来源:www.zikaow.cn ][日期:2020/4/9 10:00:58][访问:178]

2019年10月高等教育自学考试英语(一)全国统一命题考试--江西自考网

(课程代码00012)

本试卷共8页,满分100分,考试时间150分钟。考生答卷前必须将自己的姓名和准考证号写在答题卡上。

必须在答题卡上答题,写在试卷上的答案无效。

第一部分:阅读判断(第1~10题,每题1分,共10分) 。

下面的短文后列出了10个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A:如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B:如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C.在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

Setting Efective Goals

Avital Schweitzer, 17, is clearly goal drectede. She works hard to achieve the various tasks in her life. This summer she atended a progam at the Univrsity of alifornia, Santa Barbara, for high school students who are interested in research.

Avital says that she rarely clearly states and discusses her goals. But goal. sting has always played a role in her life. During her junior yer, for instance, she set personal goals to win a tennis cham pionship and to become debate- team captain.

Avital says,“In an academic environment when Iset goals for myself, I ofen make lists that I need to complete in order to achieve them. The lists can include doing problemn sets, mting with a teacher or asking pecific questions. When I run into dficulie, I reach out to resources for help or advice, like the Intermet, my teachers or my parents. I think that leaming about the best types of goals to set and standard methods to achieve these goals could be very useful in my day-to-day life."

Who else is better to tum to for this kind of insight into the art and science of gas-cting than your own father? Avital's dad, Maurice Schweitzer, a Wharton pofesser of operatins and infomation management, has researched the topic extensively. He said, “Goals are powerfully moivating and will help us get where we want to be. Across every field, people who set pcifi callenging goals do btter than people who go out and just aim to do their best."

1. Avital was a student of the University of Califonia, Santa Barbara.

A. True

B. False

C. Not Given

2. Avital is interested in research.

A.True

B. False

C. Not Given

3. Avital ofen shares her goals with her best friends.

A. True

B. False

C. Not Given

4. Avital won a tennis championship in junior high.

A. True

B. False

C. Not Given

5. Avital wanted to become debate team captain during her junior year.

A. True

B. False

C. Not Given

6. Avital often makes lists of goals to find which goal is the best for her.

A. True

B. False

C. Not Given

7. Avital blieves that it is best to solve her problems through the Internet.

A. True

B. False

C. Not Given

8. Avital has gained from her father the insights about gastting.

A. True

B. False

C. Not Given

9. Avital's father has done much research on gaistting.

A. True

B. False

C. Not Given

10. To Aial's father, aiming to do best is more important than goal stine,

A. True

B. False

C. Not Given

第二部分:阅读选择(第11~15题,每题2分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C. D)中选出1个最佳选项,并在答题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。

While you're in a lift, waiting to reach your floor do you ever wonder who came up with the idea? Probably not. We just expect to have safe lifts in buildings.

Lifts existed as far back as ancient Rome. But the ancient "Ilifs" weren't closed cars. They were simple platforms. They were typically used to raise up water for farming or lift heavy building materials such as stones. These lifts were powered by animals, people or even water wheels.

The first modem passenger lift was built for King Louis XV in 1743. The King's lift was installed (安装) on the outside of his palace. It went from the first to the second floor. The King entered it from his balcony, and then men raised and lowered the lit through the use ofropes and wheels.

Lifs became more common in the mid-1800s during the Industrial Revolution when they transported goods in factories and mines. These lifts were ofen based on a hydraulic (液压的) system. However, this type of lits was impractical for tall buildings, although it became popular because it could operate with the public water system.

Another lit design (and the one found most often today in passenger lits) uses a cable system, in which ropes raise and lower the car by means of a wheel and gear (齿轮) system. These types of lifts are easier to control, and buildings that have them do not need the extra room required by hydraulic systems. By the 1850s, these types of lits had been powered by water pressure or steam.

11. The lits in ancient Rome

A. had a closed structure

B. had a complicated design

C. were used in agriculture

D. were powered by steam

12. The first modem passenger lift was

A. raised and lowered by men

B. invented by King Louis XV

C. built for a public building

D. put on the inside of the King's palace

13. During the Industrial Revolution, lifts were

A. widely used in tall buildings

B. powered by a hydraulic system

C. rarely used in factories and mines

D. independent of the public water system

14. The lift based on a cable system,

A. needs no wheels

B. is not used today

C. takes more space

D. is easy to operate

15. Which of the following is the best title for the text?

A. Early History of Lifts

B. Popularity of Lifts

C. Structure ofLifts

D. Uses ofLifts

第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16~25题,每题1分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务: (1) 从第16~20题后所给的6个选项中为第➊~❺段每段选择1个正确的小标题: (2) 从第21~25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

Summer Blues

0 We students all have summer blues. It's that moment when we haven't left the house for days and the Internet has become our closest friend. This usually takes place in the heat of summer, when we forget there's a world outside of our rooms. It's usually our darkest hours, which is difficult to get out of, but not impossible.

❷Cetting a summer job can help provide structure for your life. Without school schedule, it's dificult to try to get out of bed. In fact, we've been training ourselves for most of summer to sleep in until noon. But if you commit yourself to a job, then it can act as a reason to get up in the moming.

❸Another way to avoid the summer blues is by living a healthier lifestyle. Join a gym. Start shopping at your local market. Keep your room clean. Or maybe pick up a new hobby and become a master at it. A lttle change in your life can have a significant effect in the long

❹The best way to avoid getting in a bad state is by packing your summer full of camps. With a new adventure waiting around the cormer every week, how will an individual not want to wake up? You can attend two or three camps every year. You will find that you've met some of your closest friends from summer camps.

❺Sometimes, however, people do not realize they have suffered from the summer blues. They stay locked inside their houses for hours. If you know people like this, then call them up. Take them out for dinner, Catch a movie with them. Do not let your friends come down with a strong case of the summer blues.


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