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2015年广东自考学位英语真题及答案(三)

[来源:www.zikaow.cn ][日期:2020/4/9 9:57:35][访问:71]

2015年广东自考学位英语真题及答案(三)--江西自考网

Passage Two

Out of all the students who enroll in a massive open online course(MOOC), only about 5 percent complete the course and receive a certificate accomplishment. This statistic is often cited as evidence that MOOCs are fatally flawed(缺陷的)and offer little educational value to most students. Yet more than 80 percent of students who fill out a post-course survey say they met their primary objective. How do we look at these two facts?

We’re used to focusing on completion rates in higher education, but they’re not the only-or even the most meaningful – indicator of engagement in open online courses. With no cost to enroll, no punishment for dropping out, and little reward for actually earning a certificate, MOOCs are fundamentally different from traditional calssess – and students use them in fundamentally different ways.

Data from more than 1.8 million students erolled in 36 MOOCs offered by the University of Pennsylvania show that students treat MOOCs like a buffet (自助餐), sampling the material according to their interests and career goals. Some are curious about the subject matter and just watch one or two video lectures; others use the discussion forums to connect with their intellectual peers around the world. Of all enrolled students, nearly 60 percent watch at least one vedio, complete at least one assignment, or post at least once in a forum.

So focusing on the tiny fraction of students who complete a MOCCs is misguided.

The more important number is the 60 percent engagement rate. Students may not finish a MOOC with a certificate of accomplishment, but the courses nonetheless meet the educational goals of millions.

21. What do we learn about MOOCs from Para.1?

A. There seems to be conflicting statistics about MOOCs.

B. It turns out that MOOCs have failed people’s expectations.

C. Most students find it hard to judge the value of MOOcs.

D. The educational value of MOOCs is well acknowledged.

22. In Para.2, the author stresses ______.

A. the primary objective of MOOC students

B. the significance of competion rates in education

C. the strengths and weakness of open online courses

D. the differences between MOOCc and trditional classes

23. According to Para. 3, students choose MOOCs for the following reasons EXCEPT ______.

A. earning a certificate

B. improving job-related skills

C. meeting their interest in the subjects

D. exchanging ideas with students worldwide

24. The sentence “students treat MOOCs as a buffet” (Para.3) ______.

A. emphasizes the core value of MOCCs

B. demonstrates the daily operation of MOOCd

C. indicates students are free to choose MOOC resources

D. explains what students learn from MOOC courses

25. What is the author’s attitude toward MOOCs?

A. Critical B. Supportive. C. Indifferent. D. Neutral.


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